To enable a radical reduction in energy consumption in electronic devices:

  • Research to lead to fundamentally new science;
  • Educate a diverse generation of scientists, engineers, and technicians;
  • Promote the application of the Center’s research outcomes.


  • Concentrates on two fundamental components of digital information processing systems: the digital logic switch and the short-medium range communication of information between logic elements.
  • Seek to approach the fundamental limits on the energy consumption required to process information.
  • Establish fundamental advances in physics, chemistry, and materials science.

Research Highlight

World's Smallest Transistor To Date!

Fabricated by a team of researchers led by E3S investigator and UC Berkeley professor, Ali Javey


To contribute to the development of a diverse generation scientists and engineers:

  • Be knowledgeable in the scientific approaches to low energy digital electronics systems;
  • Appreciate that diverse teams optimize creativity; and
  • Understand the process of innovation and the transition of research results to commercially-viable products.
Selected Publications

J.T. Teherani, S. Agarwal, W. Chern, P.M. Solomon, E. Yablonovitch, and D.A. Antoniadis, Auger Generation as an Intrinsic Limit to Tunneling Field-Effect Transistor Performance, J. Appl. Phys., Aug 2016. doi: 10.1063/1.4960571


K. Kato, V. Stojanović, and T.-J. King Liu, Embedded Nano-Electro-Mechanical Memory for Energy-Efficient Reconfigurable Logic, IEEE Electron Device Lett., Dec 2016. doi: 10.1109/LED.2016.2621187


C. Heidelberger and E.A. Fitzgerald, Heavy P-Type Carbon Doping of MOCVD GaAsP Using CBRCl3, J. Cryst. Growth, Jul 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2016.04.028


J. Hong, A. Hadjikhani, M. Stone, F. Allen, V. Safonov, P. Liang, J. Bokor, and S. Khizroev, The Physics of Spin-transfer Torque Switching in Magnetic Tunneling Junctions in Sub-10-nm Size Range, IEEE Trans. Magn., Jul 2016.
doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2016.2530622


S. Artis, C. Amelink, and T.-J. King Liu, Examining the Self-Efficacy of Community College STEM Majors: Factors Related to Four Year Degree Attainment, Community Coll. J. Research and Practice, Mar 2015. doi: 10.1080/10668926.2014.941514