The Challenge

  • The aggregate energy consumed by information processing equipment has been growing dramatically with time, both on an absolute basis and as a fraction of the total.
  • Energy consumption of electronic devices, which is proportional to the square of their operating voltages, has been reaching a lower limit.
  • Energy used to manipulate a single bit of information is currently 106 times greater than the theoretical limit.

In Response

The Center for Energy Efficient Electronics Science (E3S) was established to:
  • Open a new energy efficiency frontier in information technology by developing transformative science and technology that reduce energy consumption in electronic systems by orders of magnitude.
  • Inspire and train a diverse generation of scientists, engineers, and technicians that applies this new science and technology to benefit society.
Education Programs
Special Symposia

The Center

Education Programs


Special Symposia

Stanford University
A National Science Foundation
Science and Technology Center
(Award ECCS-0939514)